Kanheri Caves, Mumbai
About Kanheri Caves
Kanheri Caves is located around 6 kilometers from the main entrance of the Sanjay Gandhi National Park. This ancient Buddhist monument has carvings which date to as back as 1st century BCE to 10th century CE. ‘Kanheri’ which is of Sanskrit origin, meaning Black Mountain, possesses nearly 109 caves chiseled out of this gigantic basaltic rock. The engraving here are on rock slab or rock bed on plinth unlike its contemporaries like the Elephanta caves.
The caves here were carved out to make Buddhist viharas. These were the places which were used by the Buddhists for living, studying and meditation. One of the most impressive sculptures is of Avalokiteshwara which is a bodhisattva. There are almost 51 legible inscriptions and 26 epigraphs which can be found in the caves along with around 34 unfinished paintings.