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The caves which run over 3 kilometers in length are the longest natural caves in Indian subcontinent and the second largest in India. They are formed in black limestone by the flow of underground water and have huge deposits of quartz. The deepest point is called Pataalaganga, which is around 150 feet deep. These caves were discovered by a Robert Bruce Foote, a British surveyor in 1884 and in 1988 the state government declared it ‘protected’. The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) has f...
Just 11 kilometers off the east coast of Mumbai with impressive buildings and which seems have no traces of ancient history, exists an island that has never been corrupted by the changing time. There is a city which mesmerizes you and then off the coast that is still in reminiscing. In the island of Elephanta is made of two hills: eastern and western. Among them there exists around seven caves and one out of them is the Elephanta caves. This island covers about 4 sq. miles to 6 sq. miles dep...
Kanheri Caves is located around 6 kilometers from the main entrance of the Sanjay Gandhi National Park. This ancient Buddhist monument has carvings which date to as back as 1st century BCE to 10th century CE. ‘Kanheri’ which is of Sanskrit origin, meaning Black Mountain, possesses nearly 109 caves chiseled out of this gigantic basaltic rock. The engraving here are on rock slab or rock bed on plinth unlike its contemporaries like the Elephanta caves. The caves here were carved out to make ...
These man-made rock-cut caves have nothing to with Pandu or the Pandavas of the Mahabharata but actually are a misconception. These caves were built by the Hinayana Buddhist monks and considering the inscription we can conclude that the carving began as early as in 4th century BC. And the carvings are thought to be continued till the 12th century A.D. according to the inscriptions. The caves were originally called as Pundru, which in Pali language means, ‘Yellow ochre color’; the color of...
This 5th century structure is five kilometers from Vijayawada. It is renowned for its magnificent five rock-cut sanctuaries. One of the caves has a stunning Ardhanarisvara which is one of its kinds in South India. There are also temples of Lord Vinayaka, Lord Nataraja and Lord Shiva carved in dancing form. The caves reflect a rare blend of Saivism and Vaishavism cults and the carving resembles the Undavalli caves.
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